The Amazon rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world. It is approximately six million square kilometers making up 40 per cent of Brazil’s total area.
Amazonia, the largest river basin, stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Andes in the West. The rainforest is defined by high humidity, high rainfall and continuous high temperatures.
The Amazon rainforest is home to a rich diversity of flora and fauna including several million species of mammals, insects, plants, birds and other species, some still unrecorded.